1.8 Developing and Implementing a Child Protection Plan


In October 2019, minor amendments were made in relation to local practice/terminology.

1. The Child Protection Plan

Each child considered to have suffered, or to be likely to suffer Significant Harm must have a Child Protection Plan, which is recorded on the agreed pro forma.

The Initial Child Protection Conference will set out in outline the Child Protection Plan with clear actions and timescales, including a clear sense of how much improvement is needed, by when, so that success can be judged.

The Outline Child Protection Plan will name the Lead Social Worker, determine membership of the Core Group and set the date it will meet to develop the detailed plan. It will also set the date for the first Review Child Protection Conference.

The details of the plan will then be developed in the Core Group - see Section 7, The Core Group.

The overall aims of the Child Protection Plan are:

  • To ensure the child is safe and prevent him or her from suffering further harm by supporting the strengths, addressing the vulnerabilities and risk factors and helping meet the child's unmet needs;
  • To promote the child's welfare, health and development; and
  • Provided it is in the best interests of the child, to support the family and wider family members to safeguard and promote the welfare of their child.

The Child Protection Plan should set out what work needs to be done, why, when and by whom. The Plan should include:

  • When and in what situations the child will be seen by the child's Lead Social Worker, both alone and with other family members or caregivers present;
  • Describe the identified developmental needs of the child, and what therapeutic services, if any, are required;
  • Include specific, achievable, child-focused outcomes intended to safeguard and promote the welfare of the child;
  • Include realistic strategies and specific actions to achieve the planned outcomes;
  • Include a Contingency Plan to be followed if circumstances change significantly and require prompt action;
  • Clearly identify roles and responsibilities of practitioners and family members, including the nature and frequency of contact by practitioners with children and family members;
  • Lay down points at which progress will be reviewed, and the means by which progress will be judged; and
  • Set out clearly the roles and responsibilities of those practitioners with routine contact with the child - e.g. health visitors, GP's and teachers - as well as those practitioners providing specialist or targeted support to the child and family.

2. Children Looked After with a Child Protection Plan

When the child is subject to a Child Protection Plan, the next Child Protection Review Conference to take place once the child has become Looked After must consider the justification for the child being subject of both a Care Plan and a Child Protection Plan. A decision must be made between the IRO and the Conference Chair. The IRO becomes responsible for the Child Protection plan.

The Child who is Looked After who has a Child Protection Plan will also be subject to statutory Children Looked After review procedures.

Children Looked After Reviews and Child Protection Review Conferences are separate processes with different purposes. The plans discussed at Looked After Reviews and the Child Protection Plan must be consistent with one another and the timing of such reviews should usually be arranged with regard to ensuring that the meetings fit together to aid planning for the child and meet statutory requirements for both processes.

Where a Looked After Review or other local authority meeting proposes the return of a child with a Child Protection Plan to his or her parents or carers or any other change which might significantly affect the level of risk, discussion should take place between the IRO and the Conference Chair.

Where a child with a Child Protection Plan is removed by his/her parents from being Accommodated or where a Looked After Child is returned to his or her parents or carers in court proceedings a Child Protection Review Conference must be convened to consider the risks to the child.

3. Intervention

It is important that services are provided to give the child and family the best chance of achieving the required changes. If a child cannot be cared for safely by his or her parent(s), he or she will have to be placed elsewhere whilst work is being undertaken with the child and family.

Irrespective of where the child is living, interventions should specifically address:

  • The developmental needs of the child;
  • The child's understanding of what has happened to him or her;
  • The parent/child relationship and the parental capacity to respond to the child's need;
  • Family relationships; and
  • Possible changes to the family's social and environmental circumstances.

Interventions may have a number of inter-related components:

  • Action to make a child safe;
  • Action to help promote a child's health and development;
  • Action to help a parent in safeguarding a child and promoting his or her welfare;
  • Therapy for an abused child; and
  • Support or therapy for a perpetrator of abuse.

The Child Protection Plan can be used as evidence in any legal proceedings of the efforts which have been made to work in partnership with the child and family and to reduce the level of risk.

4. Explaining the Child Protection Plan to the Child and Parents

The child (depending on his or her age and understanding) and the parents should be clear about the evidence of Significant Harm, which resulted in the child becoming the subject of a Child Protection Plan, what needs to change and what is expected of them as part of the plan for safeguarding and promoting the child's welfare. This should be the subject of continuing discussion with the Lead Social Worker and other practitioners involved.

The child (depending on his or her age and understanding) and the parents should receive a written copy of the plan so that they are clear about their own role and responsibilities as well as the roles and responsibilities of others, and the planned outcomes for the child. The child's copy should be written in a way appropriate to the child's age and understanding.

5. Role of the Lead Social Worker

One of the primary tasks of the Conference will be to identify a Lead Social Worker.

The Lead Social Worker will always be a suitably qualified and experienced social worker from within Children's Social Care.

Each child with a Child Protection Plan must have a Lead Social Worker.

The Lead Social Worker is the lead practitioner in co-ordinating the multi-agency work under the Child Protection Plan.

The Lead Social Worker must take a pro-active role in ensuring that:

  • A detailed Child Protection Plan is developed at the first core group meeting;
  • The Assessment is completed and that appropriate contributions are made by Core Group members and others as necessary;
  • The safety of the child is monitored;
  • The child's wishes and feelings are ascertained;
  • The child is kept up to date with the Child Protection Plan and any changes or developments;
  • Risks are kept under regular review;
  • Any specialist contribution to the required assessment is commissioned on behalf of the Core Group.

It is important that the role of the Lead Social Worker is fully explained at the Initial Child Protection Conference and at the Core Group.

The specific responsibilities of the Lead Social Worker are:

  • To promote good communication between agencies and with the family, ensuring:
    • Parents and, where appropriate, children, are clear about the role and responsibility of the Core Group and that they are properly involved in developing the Child Protection Plan;
    • Any parent who has been excluded from the Core Group is informed of discussions and outcomes as appropriate to the child's welfare and safety;
    • Core Group members are aware of significant events in the family's life and consulted about proposed changes to the Child Protection Plan;
    • All Core Group meetings are recorded on the Core Group pro forma and copies are sent to all involved; 
    • The Lead Social Worker's manager and the Safeguarding Service are consulted about and/or informed of any changes in circumstances as appropriate.
  • To draft the practical and detailed proposals for the Child Protection Plan in line with the recommendations of the preceding Conference, as the basis for discussion at the initial Core Group meeting;
  • The frequency of contact will be stipulated in the Child Protection Plan but must never exceed intervals of more than 2 weeks. This must include seeing the child alone or a baby when awake at least every 2 weeks between each Child Protection Conference.
    • If contact with the child is refused or avoided and the child remains unseen, this must be viewed as a serious breach of the Child Protection Plan. Immediate discussion with the Lead Social Worker's line manager may deem it appropriate to seek legal advice about statutory protective action. There must also be discussion with the Core Group members and with the Conference Chair about the need for urgent action including consideration of an urgent Child Protection Review Conference;
    • In exceptional circumstances, responsibility for personal contact with the child may have to be delegated. If so, this must be agreed and recorded under an explicit, written agreement, agreed by the manager of the Lead Social Worker and the worker to whom the contact is delegated, and must be monitored by the Lead Social Worker;
    • It is good practice to make unannounced visits as part of the Child Protection Plan;
    • Contact with the child should be recorded on the child's file and the record should include:
      • The time and date of every home visit, stating who was present, confirmation that the Lead Social Worker spoke with the child (including if alone), or providing a clear reason why not;
      • Any information gathered or observations made during the visit relevant to the identified risks to the child;
      • Specific information about key subjects such as meals and sleeping arrangements;
      • Factual reports of the child's presentation and behaviour (these should be specific and avoid non-specific labels such as 'disturbed');
      • Any new incidents or injuries.
  • To take lead responsibility for monitoring the progress of the Child Protection Plan and alert their manager where the Plan cannot be progressed and it is necessary to consider alternative action;
  • To convene, co-ordinate and record the Core Group meetings after the initial meeting following on from the Conference;
  • To ensure Core Group meetings are held at the agreed frequency;
  • To invite additional members to the Core Group as needed;
  • To ensure that all members of the Core Group are aware of the next Conference date;
  • To circulate the record of Core Group meetings and the Child Protection Plan to members of the Core Group, including parents and the child (depending on his or her age and understanding), and the Conference Chair - see Section 7.5, Recording Core Group Meetings.

To take lead responsibility for ensuring that the child's in depth assessment is completed and that any specialist assessment identified as necessary is commissioned.

To prepare a report for the Child Protection Review Conference

6. Role of the Lead Social Worker's Manager

The first line manager has a vital role in managing the progress of the case and supporting the Lead Social Worker.

The manager should:

  • Read and countersign all significant records and assessments on the child's file;
  • Discuss the progress of the Child Protection Plan and any concerns in supervision, including the need for any further risk assessment;
  • Read and countersign Conference Reports and the Child Protection Plan;
  • Review the Child Protection Plan with the Lead Social Worker when unexpected developments or crises occur, and together make a decision whether to recommend that a Child Protection Review Conference date be brought forward;
  • Attend Initial Child Protection Conferences and Child Protection Review Conferences as appropriate;
  • Ensure that the visiting frequency of the Lead Social Worker and the frequency of Core Group meetings meet local standards;
  • Arrange cover for the Lead Social Worker in case of sickness and ensure arrangements are in place when the Lead Social Worker is on annual leave and training.

7. The Core Group

7.1 Purpose of Core Group

The Core Groups task through the Child Protection Plan is to reduce the risks, or prevent the occurrence of further Significant Harm to the child, and safeguard the child's well-being to the point where the child no longer requires a Child Protection Plan.

The Core Group achieves this by:

  • Producing an agreed, detailed Child Protection Plan;
  • Completing an assessment of the family;
  • Meeting regularly to monitor progress;
  • Providing a report for the Child Protection Review Conference;
  • Requesting a new Conference if the plans cannot be achieved or need to be significantly altered.

7.2 Membership of the Core Group

Membership should include the Lead Social Worker, who leads the Core Group, the child if appropriate, family members, carers and practitioners who have direct contact with the family.

7.3 The First Core Group Meeting

The Lead Social Worker will chair the first meeting of the Core Group on the date set at the initial Child Protection Conference. This will be within 10 working days of the Conference.

The purpose of this first meeting is to assist the core group to complete the detailed Child Protection Plan. The Core Group must also consider what steps need to be taken to complete the in depth assessment.

The detailed Child Protection Plan, together with any other decisions made and actions agreed at the Core Group should be written up on the available pro forma and circulated by the Lead Social Worker.

7.4 Subsequent Core Group Meetings

Core Group meetings should take place on a monthly basis, unless the conference decides that meetings should be more frequent. The purpose is to facilitate working together, monitor the actions and outcomes required against the CP Plan and make any necessary changes.

Where a Core Group meeting cannot take place within timescales the reasons why must be recorded and counter signed by the Social Work Manager.

Core Group Meetings will usually continue to be chaired by the Lead Social Worker or his/her manager. In the absence of the Social Worker the Core Group should proceed and report back to the Social Worker or their Line Manager.

7.5 Recording Core Group Meetings

Core Group Meetings should be recorded and it is the responsibility of all Core Group members to contribute to that process.

Copies of the notes and the updated Child Protection Plan will be written up by the Lead Social Worker and circulated to Core Group members, including those who didn't attend as soon as possible.

The Lead Social Worker should ensure that the Child Protection Plan is amended as necessary and a copy is available for the Conference Chair.

7.6 Agreement of Detailed Child Protection Plan

Core Group members must agree a plan which adds detail to the outline Child Protection Plan agreed at the Initial Child Protection Conference.

The Core Group should not alter any of the specified outcomes agreed at the conference although they can agree additional outcomes if required. The Plan will have active intervention by members of the Core Group, agreed through visits to the home and in cases where relevant areas have not been covered sufficiently in the Sheffield Social Care Assessment, it will identify further assessments that enable the family to gain insight so that they and the practitioners involved can build on their strengths and reduce any risk to the children of future Significant Harm.

Any changes to the Child Protection Plan should be discussed and agreed with the Core Group. Where a significant change is required urgently in order to safeguard the child action should be taken without delay. However the Lead Social Worker should inform the Core Group by telephone as soon as possible and reconvene the Core Group.

7.7 The Roles and Responsibilities of Core Group Members

Child Protection Plans should be formulated with the specific roles of the Core Group members in mind so that everyone is clear about the individual and shared responsibilities.

Although the Lead Social Worker has the lead role, all members of the Core Group are jointly responsible for the formulation and implementation of the Child Protection Plan, refining the plan as needed, and monitoring progress against the planned outcomes set out in the plan.

Supervision and/or managerial and practitioner support to individual Core Group members remain with their agency. However, the Conference Chair may provide advice to the Core Group on any remaining inter-agency problems which the Core Group is unable to resolve.

The specific responsibilities of individual Core Group members are to:

  • Accept that the child's needs remain paramount and maintain a child-centred focus;
  • Contribute to the multi-agency assessments;
  • Make suggestions or approaches, if appropriate, for the involvement of other specifically skilled practitioner or agency seen as relevant to its completion;
  • Attend and participate in Core Group meetings or other relevant meetings. Core Group members must give adequate notice if unable to attend Core Group meetings or arrange a substitute colleague to attend if possible. If not, then along with their apologies, they must provide a summary of their involvement with the family since the last Core Group meeting;
  • Carry out agreed tasks in accordance with their own agency functions: if this is not possible the Lead Social Worker must be consulted before any plans regarding the child or family are altered;
  • Provide specialist advice which will inform the Child Protection Plan;
  • Provide the Lead Social Worker with written reports as requested;
  • Communicate regularly with the Lead Social Worker about the progress of their part of the agreed Child Protection Plan;
  • Inform the Lead Social Worker of any change in circumstances relevant to the Child Protection Plan;
  • Alert the Lead Social Worker to the need to convene either a Core Group meeting or to reconvene the Review Conference early;
  • Help identify unmet need.

7.8 Sheffield Social Care Assessments for Children who have a Child Protection Plan

Within 35 working days from the Strategy discussion/meeting the Social Worker and the core group should have completed the Sheffield Social Care Assessment in respect of every child with a Child Protection Plan. The analysis should include an understanding of the parent's capacity to ensure that the child is safe from harm. It should include consideration of the information gathered about the family's history and their present and past family functioning.

Delay in completing specialist assessments should not prevent drawing together the Assessment findings at this point. The analysis of the child's needs should underpin the Child Protection Plan. An Assessment is deemed complete once the assessment has been discussed with the child and family and the team manager has authorised it. The completed Assessment should be discussed in the Core Group.

The analysis of the child's needs and the capacity of the parents to meet those needs within their family and environment should provide evidence on which to base decisions on how best to safeguard and promote the welfare of the child and where possible to support parents to achieve this aim. Decisions based on this analysis should consider what the child's future would be like if his/her needs continue to be met, and if his/her needs continue to be unmet.

The key questions are:

  • What is likely to happen if nothing changes for this child;
  • What are the likely consequences for this child.
The answers to these questions should be used to decide what interventions are required when developing the Child Protection Plan and in particular in considering what actions are necessary to prevent the child from suffering harm or to prevent an occurrence of the abuse or neglect.

7.9 Delays

Any delays in implementing the Child Protection Plan should be monitored and appropriate action taken by the Lead Social Worker, their manager, and at Core Group meetings. These should be recorded and available for the Conference Chair to see.

7.10 Failure to Achieve the Desired Outcomes of the Plan

There always has to be the possibility that intervention, or further assessment will reach the conclusion that the situation is not safe and the child will need to be removed in order to protect them from harm.

In these circumstances, and/or where there is a failure to obtain or retain the cooperation of the parents or child in working on the plan or changed or unforeseen circumstances, this must be brought immediately to the attention of the Lead Social Worker.

The Lead Social Worker must inform his or her manager and, in consultation with other agencies, a decision will be made as to the need for any immediate protective action and/or a Section 47 Enquiry and/or reconvened Child Protection Conference to be considered.

Where there are concerns that a child or family are missing, for guidance see Children and Families Moving Across Local Authority Boundaries Procedure.

If there are concerns that there are difficulties implementing the Plan as a result of disagreement among practitioners or a Core Group member not carrying out his or her responsibilities, this must be addressed by discussion between Core Group members and, if required, the involvement of relevant managers and/or designated practitioners within agencies. Where necessary, see Effective Challenge and Escalation Procedure.

7.11 Changes in Circumstances of a Child who has a Child Protection Plan

The Conference Chair should be informed of any changes in the circumstances of any child subject to a Child Protection Plan. Any professional who becomes aware of a change in circumstance must inform the Lead Social Worker who then has responsibility to inform the Conference Chair. This information must be kept up to date. Change of circumstances may include:

  • Change of family address;
  • Birth of a baby;
  • New household member;
  • Change of Lead Social Worker;
  • Change in legal status;
  • Change in local authority area.